Posts in Politics
Republican Tax Bill Summary

House Republicans today released the details of their plans to overhaul the U.S. tax code. (See the full House bill and House summary. ) WaterStone has put together a quick a rundown of key provisions in the proposal that we thought might interest you:

Business

  • Chops the corporate tax rate from 35% to 20% permanently, not temporarily as was earlier considered.
  • Businesses would lose the ability to deduct certain executive compensation above $1 million, which they can now do for performance-based pay.
  • Tax-exempt bonds could no longer be used to build professional sports stadiums.
  • Sets a top 25% rate for pass-through businesses such as S corporations and partnerships. The plan includes complicated guardrails that limit people from turning what would otherwise be wage income taxed at up to 39.6% into business income taxed at a lower rate.
  • New limits on corporate interest deductions, which would be capped at 30% of earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation and amortization, which is a measure of cash flow. Real-estate firms and small businesses would be exempt from that limit.
  • Creates a new one-time tax on overseas profits set at 12% for cash holdings and 5% for illiquid holdings, a provision meant to force companies to repatriate overseas profits. Creates a new 10% tax on U.S. companies’ high-profit foreign subsidiaries, calculated on a global basis, but active overseas profits wouldn’t otherwise be taxed.

 

INDIVIDUALS

  • Reduces seven individual income tax brackets to four at 12%, 25%, 35% and 39.6%.
  • Top tax bracket set for married couples earning $1,000,000 per year and individuals earning %$500,000. Bottom tax bracket extends up to $90,000 for couples and $45,000 for individuals.
  • The proposal doesn’t change the top tax rates on capital gains and dividend income.
  • The bill would preserve head-of-household filing status, often used by single parents. The standard deduction for that group is midway between individuals and married couples.
  • Nearly doubles individual standard deduction to $24,400 for married couples and $12,200 for singles in 2018.
  • Increases child tax credit from $1,000 in 2017 to $1,600 plus $300 for each taxpayer, spouse and non-child dependents.
  • Places new limit on home mortgage-interest deduction at loans up to $500,000, down from $1,000,000, but existing loans would be grandfathered.
  • The estate-tax exemption, set for $5.6 million per person and $11.2 million per married couple, would double immediately. The tax would be repealed starting in 2024.
  • Keeps 401(k) existing plan rules largely intact.
  • Repeals the alternative minimum tax
  • Repeals an itemized deduction for medical expenses.
  • Repeals the tax credit for adoption.
  • Repeals the deduction for student-loan interest.

Source: Waterstone