Tax Benefits of Charitable Giving to Public Charities

By: Principal Scott Middelton, CFA, CIMA® and Principal Sloan Smith, CAIA, MBA, CPWA®

Charitable giving has become an important part of wealth management considering it offers not only substantial tax benefits, but also the ability to support nonprofit organizations. However, when making a charitable contribution it is important to understand whether the taxpayer is able to deduct the fair market value or basis of the property or security, the limitations of itemizing their deductions on Schedule A, and the deductibility percentage limits of Adjustable Gross Income (AGI). It is also essential to know whether giving directly to a public charity or using a donor advised fund is more advantageous.

Innovest strongly recommends touching base with a professional tax advisor before implementing any of these strategies. However, the following guidelines could be helpful as you plan for your charitable giving before year end.

Public Charity Deductibility

1.       Cash Contributions – the fair market value of the cash may be deducted

2.       Long-term Capital Gain Property - the fair market value of the property may be deducted

3.       Short-term Capital Gain or Ordinary Income Property – only the cost basis of gifts of appreciated property or securities to a public charity which were held for less than one year may be deducted

4.       Tangible personal property – if appreciated tangible personal property (i.e. artwork) is given to public charities whose function is related to the use of the property (i.e. public art museum), the amount deductible is the fair market value of the property

Schedule A/Itemized Deduction Limitations

Many individuals who have a history of itemizing their charitable giving may have found themselves in a different situation since tax year 2017. Under the revised tax laws effective January 1, 2018, the standard deduction that can be subtracted from your taxable income without itemizing rose to $12,000 for individuals and $24,000 for married couples.

Increasing numbers of taxpayers have begun claiming the standard deduction. However, with robust charitable giving a taxpayer could exceed these limits and decide to itemize which could lead to greater tax benefits.

The major categories for itemizing deductions are:

1.       Gifts to Charity

a.       Cash - limited to 60% of adjusted gross income

b.       Long-term Capital Gain Property – limited to 30% of adjusted gross income

c.       Short-term Capital Gain or Ordinary Income Property - are limited to 50% of adjusted gross income.

d.       Tangible personal property – limited to 30% of adjusted gross income

2.       Medical and Dental Expenses – you are only able to deduct medical and dental expenses that are above 7.5% of your Adjusted Gross Income.

3.       State and Local Taxes (SALT) – the amount that can be claimed for all state and local sales, income taxes, and property taxes combined may not exceed $10,000 ($5,000 for married taxpayers filing separately)

4.       Home Mortgage Interest –  you may be able to deduct your home mortgage interest.  However, you are only able to deduct interest on home acquisition debts of up to $750,000 beginning in tax year 2018. Also, for tax years 2018 through 2025, there is no deduction available on the interest paid on home equity withdrawals.

Some tax advisors have recommended that charitably inclined individuals consider a new strategy called “bunching” when planning their donations. For example, every other year the donors may wish to contribute to charities an amount equal to two years’ worth of donations.  In these tax years when they have double-contributed, the donors may be able to itemize their deductions when filing their tax return. In the off years, the donors would claim the standard deduction on their tax return.

Some donors using the bunching strategy may find it helpful to make their charitable gifts to a donor advised fund (DAF) in their double-giving years. A donor-advised fund (DAF) is a philanthropic vehicle established at a public charity, which allows donors to make charitable contributions and then recommend grants from the fund to non-profit organizations over time, such as over more than one calendar year.

Donor advised funds provide the opportunity to include other family members in their giving decisions and make their gifts anonymously if they prefer. Many families may consider a DAF as a viable alternative to establishing a family foundation because of a DAF’s advantages of minimizing set-up cost, ongoing fees and annual reporting.  Unlike a private foundation, you are not responsible for minimum distributions from a DAF or filing annual tax returns on the DAF account.

Some of the larger national DAFs are overseen by Fidelity, Vanguard, and Schwab. National and local organizations not connected with financial institutions also administer donor-advised funds, such as the National Christian Foundation.

Before establishing a DAF, be sure to consider their advantages and disadvantages, and importantly, obtain professional tax advice customized for your personal circumstances. The same diligence applies when deciding among DAF providers, including investment minimums, administrative fees, investment costs, and investment vehicles.

CONCLUSION

There is an old saying that taxes can be simple or fair, but not both. As long as politicians have the discretion to change tax legislation and avoid simplicity, it seems inevitable that tax laws will become increasingly complex. Because each person’s circumstances are unique, it is essential to seek out customized advice from a professional tax advisor before making changes to your charitable giving. The benefits can accrue to not only the charities you support, but to your personal income tax bill as well. 

Misconceptions of Fiduciary Responsibilities Persist

“As we found in prior defined contribution (DC) plan sponsor surveys, many plan sponsor representatives who oversee their companies’ 401(k) or other DC plans don’t realize that they are fiduciaries under the Employee Retirement Income Security Act (ERISA). And some believe they can offload all of their fiduciary responsibilities for investments to a third party. Plan sponsors who harbor misperceptions like these or who are unaware of their fiduciary status risk violating ERISA’s fiduciary standards, harming participants and exposing themselves and their firms to liability.” Click here to keep reading.

Source: J.P. Morgan

Lawmaker Makes Another Attempt to Push for National Auto-IRAs

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Participants' Posture on ESG Investing Not Showing in Retirement Plans

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However, only 37% of participants actually expressed some interest in ESG options. Diane Gallagher, vice president, retirement value add, American Century Investments, in Kansas City, Missouri, notes that those individuals would be interested if the ESG investment’s performance was comparable to the average product.” Click Here to keep reading.

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New Data Shows Regional Contrast in Nonprofit Types across the U.S.

“According to the study, for example, organizations that serve vulnerable populations—children, people with developmental disabilities, and seniors needing long-term care, as examples—are the most common type of organizations in the majority of states. More surprising is the finding that youth character development organizations are the most common organizations on the West Coast, that economic development organizations are the most common type of organization in North Dakota, Wisconsin, Maryland, Virginia, and Michigan and that organizations dedicated to affordable housing are the most common in Louisiana and Indiana.” Click here to learn more!

Source: NPQ

How Can Plan Sponsors Evaluate Prospective Auditors?

“Is your auditor a Jack of all trades, but a master of none? As the results of the Department of Labor (DOL) studies on audit quality shift the industry focus to the qualifications of employee benefit plan auditors, CPA firms with specialized retirement plan audit practices choose to demonstrate their commitment to quality employee benefit plan (EBP) audits by displaying their auditors’ badges on marketing materials, social media, and email signature lines. What do the badges mean and how does a plan sponsor differentiate between prospective audit teams that are equally credentialed?”

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SECURE Retirement Legislation on HOLD in the Senate

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Source: Trucker Huss

Innovest Employee Spotlight: Lori Foster

Each quarter, we feature one Innovest employee in our Employee Spotlight. Read below for our interview with Lori Foster, Administrative Assistant. Lori supports our consulting and operations team with scheduling meetings, assisting with performance reports and asset allocation studies, various ad hoc projects and administrative duties. Lori is also a member of Innovest’s Communications Committee.


Where is your hometown?

I was born in Milwaukee, Wisconsin, and moved to Colorado when I was in elementary school.  I consider myself a semi-native of Colorado.

 

Tell us something unique about you.

While I have lived in Colorado most of my life, I’ve never skied or snowboarded.  I know it may be hard to believe, but it’s true! I do enjoy spending time in the mountains, though.

 

What do you like best about working at Innovest?

One of the many things I enjoy is the culture and sense of family at Innovest.  Innovest is a company that ensures our clients and the employees are valued and treated well.  

 

How do you give back to the community?

I participate in the various charitable events that Innovest supports.  One of my favorite events is The Food Bank of the Rockies.  I also donate each year to their cause.  I volunteer at events at my church throughout the year as well.

 

What are your hobbies and interests?

I enjoy cooking, gardening, outdoor activities, and spending time with family and friends.

 

Tell us about your family: 

I have two adult children, Bryan and Chrissy, and two granddaughters, Karly (4) and Maizy (9 months). Bryan is a glazier and installs glass in commercial buildings, and his wife, Amber, works in the restaurant industry. My daughter, Chrissy, is a caregiver at a retirement facility, and her husband, Jacob, is an electrician and is currently attending school to obtain his master electrician license. I enjoy spending as much time as possible with them, whether it be barbequing at my house, holiday dinners, or all of us going on outings together.

 

What is your favorite ice cream flavor?

I’m not really a sweets or dessert person as an adult. However, when I was younger, I enjoyed ice cream--especially mint chip and rocky road. 

 

7 Rules For Implementing A Growth Mindset At Your Nonprofit

“Possessing a growth mindset, or encouraging improvement through hard work and dedication, is an important component of success for most companies—including nonprofits. Both personal and professional growth should be supported and developed by managers in order to ensure all-around success for their employees and their business.”

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Source: Forbes